Pigeon are the birds that are available worldwide except in coldest region and the remote island. Pigeons have associated with humans for thousand years. Human bred pigeons nowadays because of that they have different colors. Pigeons are usually 13 inches in length have a dark grey head, iridescent neck, and a light grey black- grey wings. Here you will find Everything You Need To Know About Pigeon.
Everything You Need To Know About Pigeon (Behavior, Life Span, Breeding )
Usually pigeon mate themselves. Pigeons are monogamous and often mated in consecutive seasons as both birds of pairs are healthy. The breeding seasons of the pigeons are based on climate condition. They seem to be slowing during winter months. Female pigeons reach to its sexual maturity at early 7 months of age. First, the male pigeon chose a site in view of the female and select one stick and bring it back and lay eggs in front of his mate. The female pigeons stay at the nesting site and accept the sticks.
They build their nest with straw, sticks, put on ledge, undercover, and often located on the window ledges of the building. Female lays eggs after 8-12 days of mating. The females stay on the nest a day or two days before the first egg is laid. Usually, 2 eggs are laid. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and female incubate during the night. Incubation lasts for 18 days and the young bird will leave the nest in 25 to 29 days after hatching. The young birds are fed with regurgitated thick liquid food from parent’s crops called milk. After ten days young bird is fed with solid food such as caterpillars.
Baby pigeons look strange creatures during first few days. Keep the baby pigeon in a ventilated box with several layers of newspaper and place it in warmth. The temperature of the box should be about 90 degrees Fahrenheit until the pigeons are 2 weeks. Place the red watt bulb or hot water bottle under the layer of newspaper and refill led in every 2 hours. Check the temperature with the help of thermometer to avoid overheating. For nutritional food newborn pigeons, canary bird formula is required. Mix the powder formula with sterile bottle water and feed the baby pigeon. Open the pigeon mouth gently and feed him slowly. After 21 days of the birth put the flat dishes of grains and seeds on the floor of the cage. After three weeks move the baby to large cage or outdoor aviary. They will learn to fly.
Wild pigeons live for 5-6 years on average but it is difficult to live in wild for them because they are targeted by many predators. The average lifespan of the pet pigeons is between 9 to 15 years if the owner takes good care of pigeons. Clean and proper food and water should be provided to them.
Pigeon place their beak at the ground to eat food and place their bill on water using it like straw to drink water. For threatening the competitor pigeon bow and coo, inflating their throat and walk in a circle. By bowing, cooing, inflating his throat and strutting in a circle around the female pigeon, male pigeon courts his mate. The male guard and take care of the baby pigeons all day and the female take care overnight to mid-morning. Both parents brood the young pigeons feed them crop milk.
Pigeons should be provided with cereals which are rich in carbohydrates and little fiber. Here are the energy-rich and important cereals for the pigeons.
Corn is the best pigeon food and is low in crude fiber. It is digestible and one of the fattiest of the all the grain. Corn has low protein, the absence of two essential amino acids, namely tryptophan and lysine, which is in too small a presence to be of any importance. Corn is nutritional and red corn contains more vitamin A.
Millet contains more protein than corn and less fat. It has the same nutritional value as corn and can make up 25% of the feed.
Pigeons love to eat wheat. It is rich in protein and Sulphur which is highly recommendable during the molt. Don’t feed too much wheat to the pigeon it may cause weight gain.
Oats are good for their features. It gives a good boost to the pigeon’s blood and nervous system. Don’t feed too many oats when they are laying eggs as it is not good for an eggshell.
It is good for the winter season but doesn’t give it to young pigeons. It calms the bird’s stomach and reduces diarrhea.
Pigeon Disease and Treatment/ Cure
Here are the pigeon’s disease and treatment.
Canker is caused by protozoan and is transmitted from bird to bird. When pigeon shares the same bowl then they pass it to other pigeons. Most pigeons will have difficulties in breathing due to nodules on the tonsil. Symptoms of canker are diarrhea, weight loss, lethargy and bleeding from the mouth and cloaca. If it is not treated then canker can cause death.
Canker affects the body that is related to the digestive tract. If your pigeons have canker then it should treat it with medications in the imidazole family of drugs and sometimes surgical removal of the nodule is done by your vet.
Roundworms, tapeworms, and hairworms grow and live in the digestive tract of pigeons. Due to these worms pigeons may suffer from diarrhea, weakness, increased susceptibility to other diseases and performance issues in competitive pigeons.
It is very difficult to prevent from worms. There is pigeon medicine which can be added to water for treatment.
Pigeon respiratory infection
It is the dangerous problem that pigeon face. This disease makes it hard for the bird to breathe and fly. They feel weak, breath from the mouth, not and die. Fungi, virus, bacteria, and mites cause respiratory infection. Discharge from the nares, inside the mouth or choana, or you may actually hear your pigeon sneezing and/or coughing if they have a respiratory infection. Clean the environment, and immediate treatment by the vet is necessary.
If your pigeon is stressed they may have a flare-up of this virus. This disease cannot be cured. Respiratory infection caused by this virus can be cured. For prevention avoid dampness and fluctuating temperature.
Mycoplasma infects respiratory tract of the pigeon. Nasal discharge, coughing, sneezing and other symptoms will be seen. Stress is the reason behind this disease. Clean, stress-free, ideal environment should be provided to the birds.
Pigeon Available Colors and Shelter:
There is 28 pigeons color type. They have colorful neck called hackle. White pigeons are albinos. They have red-orange eyes. The common pigeons are dark bluish-gray head, neck, and chest with glossy greenish and reddish-purple iridescence around the neck and wing feathers.
Pigeon need a big cage for their shelter. An extra-large dog kennel is enough for a pair. The cage should be away from dogs and cats. The cage should be clean and clean water and grains should be provided.