Everything You Need To Know About Guinea Pig

The guinea pig is a lovely pet which is also known as cavy. They are cuddly, comical and clever. They are a cute tiny pet that can be very social animals. They are even expensive to own and need a lot more care.  Here is everything you need to know about Guinea Pig.

Breeding and babies:

Guinea pigs reach sexual maturity at around 10 weeks of age. When a female guinea pig is ready she may mount other in the cage. If she is not ready then she will reject the male spraying him with urine, lunging at him, rearing up, swatting at his face and showing her teeth. The pregnancy duration is 63 to 70 days. They give birth to two to four babies at once. A pregnant female needs more food and water. It consumes double or triple her normal amount. Changes in her environment can stress her and she will stop eating. The labor of guinea pigs last for 10-30 minutes and with 5-10 minute each birth. It gives birth by sitting up and hunching over or squatting. After the birth, the mother will clean the babies on her own and the placenta and membranes are eaten by the mother or other guinea pigs in the cage.

Everything You Need To Know About Guinea Pig - Guinea Pigs As Pets

The babies are so adorable and small version of mother guinea pig. The babies are born with hair, eyes wide open, full set of teeth and the ability to run around. The babies depend on parents for food and warmth till 14 to 21 day of age. The guinea pig is not protective of their young ones, female take little cake of the babies whereas male don’t rare the babies. The female babies should be taken away from their father by the time they are 21 days to prevent breeding. After a few days of birth, you should take good care of a baby guinea pig. In early development, the newborn guinea pig should keep healthy. If the mother is not there then mash pellets or a recovery food such as Critical Care brand nutritional supplement powder together with canned pumpkin. Hand feeds the mixture every few hours for the first few days. This will help the newborn babies to survive on critical health too. After two weeks of birth, you can feed alfalfa hay and pellets to provide extra calcium for growing bones. Hand feeds the babies that can also help to socialize with a human from a young age. They become mature in around 3 weeks.

How to take care and lifespan:

The guinea pig is easily stressed so you should handle them with care. Put him on your chest or lap so that he can feel safe. They keep themselves clean and groom themselves with front teeth, tongue and back claws. They have long hair so brush or comb them to stay clean and tangle free. Clean their cage as food bowl as they eat, sleep and excrete in the same place.

The average life span of guinea pig is 5 to 7 years which is a large time commitment. Some live for long years and some for fewer years. Despite that one domestic guinea pig have lived for 14 years. If you keep your pet pigs healthy then they will live longer. Take your pet to the vet for a checkup at least once a year. Proper food, water and lots of care re requiring for them to be healthy, happy and live long.

Everything you need to know about Guinea Pig Behavior:

Everything You Need To Know About Guinea Pig - Guinea Pig Care

Here is some guinea pig behavior that you should know.

Begging for food

Guinea pig starts weeking when they are hungry and stand like the dog to ask food. They become very excited and hop toward the owners.

Running Laps

They run laps around the cage and it’s a normal behavior for them. It will bun the energy.


When they feel scared or when they hear an unfamiliar sound or something different in the environment then they will freeze and stand motionless. It is natural behavior and you will hear the short vibrating sound which indicates fear.


They sniff around the environment to learn about the place and food source. They will occasionally sniff air with their head stretched out, when it is being watchful and curious, wondering what’s going on.

Scent marking

To mark their territory guinea pig will rub its chins, cheeks, and hind ends on those items.


Everything You Need To Know About Guinea Pig - Guinea Pig Breeds

Guinea pig loves to eat and are vegetarian. They consume the large quantity of food. Here is the food that you should give to your guinea pig.

  1. Pallets

There are many different palleted guinea pig food on the store. These have a nutritional ingredient that your guinea pig need.

  1. Hay

Hay is important for your pet which helps the teeth worn down and satisfies his need to chew. You should clean it before you feed them.

  1. Leafy fruit and vegetable

You should provide fresh leafy fruit and vegetable. They don’t like a cold vegetable so warm to room temperature before you feed them. They like fruit like kiwi fruit, oranges, grapes, strawberries, peaches, apricots, and melons.

  1. Supplements

A guinea pig needs vitamin c to be happy and healthy. If you don’t provide important supplement your pet will become fatal.

  1. Water

Guinea pig drinks a lot of water. So you should provide more water for their good health.

Avoid food like spinach, peanuts, beet tops, potatoes, iceberg lettuce, onions, garlic, cabbage, and broccoli. Never feed your pet chocolate or candies. They are toxic to your pet.

Disease and cure:

Everything You Need To Know About Guinea Pig - Are Guinea Pigs Good Pets

  1. Risk of anorexia

A change in brand of the pellet may even lead to anorexia.so feed consult with the vet for their diet and feed them high-quality pellet, fresh hay, vegetables. Vitamin C is important for them to provide Vitamin C supplements.

  1. Gastrointestinal disease

You should be aware of how your pet is chewing food and producing stool at all times. Check his weight frequently and don’t ignore any change in appetite. Gastrointestinal disease is a disease when GI tract slows down. This is due to an inadequate diet.to prevent this disease feed vitamin c supplements.

  1. Respiratory disease

Keep your pet in a ventilated and clean environment. They can suffer from pneumonia very quickly and it is often incurable. Stress or bad life may also cause respiratory disease. Its symptom is nasal breathing or rapid breathing. If you find these symptoms then take your pet to the vet immediately. It can even damage the lungs.

  1. Skin disease

If you see your guinea pig scratching in your body then it is a skin infection. They scratch frequently that they appear to have a seizure. Missing patches of fur, scaly skin, crusting or redness are the sign. Consult with your pet and use the recommended product to treat it.


Safe and secure home is needed to make your guinea pig happy and healthy. There are many guinea pig cage available in the pet store which is a wonderful home for them. They chew cage so the cage should not be made of wood. The bottom of the cage should be solid and you need at least 2 square feet per cavy in a cage. The temperature should be not too cold or not too hot. Keep cage ventilated and clean. Provide sufficient food and water in it.

So, these are everything you need to know about Guinea Pig. After knowing all Guinea Pig information, now you can take care of your pet Guinea Pig. Enjoy!

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