Hamster is a popular pet and also friendly to children. They are small rodents which have a variety of colors and breeds. Hamster have a chunky body, thick fur, short tail and cheek pouches. They like to sleep during the day and play and explore at night. Hamster is a wonderful pet. Here is everything you need to know about Hamster.
Breeding and babies:
To breed your hamster put a male and female hamster in the same cage every evening for four hours during her estrus. Estrus is a period of time which is about 12 hours long when the female will mate with the male. If she is ready to mate then she will spray her legs when you stoke her back. Estrus occurs during the night. If the female is not ready then separate male and female hamster otherwise they will fight. If they mate then keep them together for several hours. The pregnant female hamster becomes fatter in 2 to 3 weeks after mating. She spends her time usually in resting and eating.
As their due date approach, the pregnant female becomes more aggressive. The gestation takes place for 18 to 22 days. Female can give birth to 3 to 12 hamster. She may not raise all and possible that she may eat some of them. The female hamster gives birth to her babies at 10 to the 30-minute interval and she will clean her baby by herself. After the birth, the female hamster will be hungry so make sure to provide enough food and water. Do not open the cage to look at the babies for at least two weeks. This will scare her and eat the babies. After 13 -15 days of age the baby will start to drink water and between 16-21 days the baby will eat food. After three weeks the baby can be weaned from the mother. In 6 to 7 week, they will be sexually mature.
Infant hamsters are born naked, blind, weight less than 2 grams and very weak. They should be nursed immediately. After the day four their weight will be double, fur will appear and ear canal open. They can crawl around the cage on day 6. At week 2 the eyes of the hamster will open and will be able to see fully. The mother hamster will take care of the babies’ up to 3 months. After 4 months the mother will abandon her baby. If the mother is aggressive and eat the hamster or do not take care of the baby then you should take care of the baby. Hand raising is difficult to consult with the vet. There is a special formula available feed the babies in every hour at day and night with care.
Hamster is ideal pets and they are gentle and easy to care. They will bite when they are disturbed or scared. The average lifespan of a hamster is 2 to 2.5 years. There is no fixed amount of time like other animals. There are many factors that affect the lifespan of a hamster. Species, genetic, diet, exercise, living environment, quality of care are the factors that affect their lifespan. If you feed your hamster properly, check-up once a year and provide a clean environment then your hamster will live long.
Here is some behavior of hamster.
Hamster lack of visual insight but they have a great sense of smell. They stand on hind legs and sniff the things.
Stuffing those cheeks
Like squirrels, the hamster can be food hoarder and stuff food into her cheeks so that they can move a large amount of food to their hiding place.
You can see your hamster wiggling on bedding. They are hiding the extra food by burrowing to create cover areas.
Pulling an all-nighter
Hamster is nocturnal and is busy during the nights. They will work out on his exercise wheel and move on the cage at night that will disturb you.
Sleeping while you are awake
You will notice your hamster active at night and sleeps all day. They have a different sleep schedule than you. If the temperature goes below 60 degrees f then they undergo a mini-hibernation and sleeps a little longer than usual.
Balance diet should be provided to the hamster to maintain their good health and condition.
For growth and tissue building protein is necessary. Protein is especially essential for young and pregnant hamsters. They like to eat barley, beans, corn, nuts, oats, peas and wheat.
Carbohydrates and fats
Carbohydrate and fats provide energy and warmth to your pet. But excess fat can cause breeding problems and ill health. Milk, sugar, yeast, potato, barley, corn, oats and wheat are a good source of carbohydrate and fats.
Small amounts of vitamins are required to hamster for good health. Lack of vitamin can create many health problems.
A lot of water is essential for a hamster. So provide enough water for them.
Everything you need to know about Hamster Disease and cure:
Here are the disease and cure of hamster.
These are an infection which forms from minor breaks in the skin. Pus accumulates under the skin, sometimes form a sizable lump on the body. Abscesses forms from cuts and scratches on the skin and in cheek pouches. If your hamster looks like it has food packed in the cheek pouches then there may be an abscess present. Take your pet to the vet for draining, flushing, and treatment with antibiotics.
Hamster respiratory infection
Hamster can get a respiratory infection that can lead to pneumonia. Sneezing, discharge from the eyes or nose, wheezing, and labored breathing are the symptoms of respiratory infection. If there is any loss of appetite, decreased activity, wheezing or difficulties breathing, then take your hamster to the vet. The vet will diagnosis for the treatment.
Wet tail in hamster
Wet tail is a common disease in the recently weaned hamster. It is caused due to Campylobacter jejuni bacteria. It can be due to stress, crowding, and dietary changes. Diarrhea lethargy, loss of appetite, and a ruffled coat are the symptoms. Consult with the vet if you see any symptoms.
Diarrhea in hamster
Dietary changes, intestinal parasites, Dehydration, Overfeeding and treatment with antibiotics can cause diarrhea. Loss of appetite and decrease in activity are the symptoms. Provide clean fresh food, water, and environment.
Skin disease in the hamster
Hamster can be infected by the number of skin disease. Skin irritation, scratching, hair loss, redness on the skin are the symptoms. If you see any sign in your hamster then treatment by a vet is required.
Hamster cage should be large enough, escape-proof and clean. The aquarium is also good for them. The cage should be ventilated. Put wood bedding, paper or fiber-based bedding. A wire cage with a plastic base is the best and easy for cleaning. The cage should be minimum of 24 inches by 12 inches. To keep your hamster happy and active large cage is required. The hamster should have a wheel in the cage to exercise.
So, these are everything you need to know about Hamster before you keep Hamster as your Pet Companion. Enjoy!