White Rat is common pet and have individual characteristics like being a more long-lived mouse, or one that tends to develop more tumors, or needs a specialized diet, as well as other traits such as being more temperamental, more nippy, or more flighty. They are originated in Asia and should be kept away from other pets like cats and dog. We are about to guide everything you need to know about White Rat here.
Everything you need to know about White Rat breeding, behavior, lifespan:
Female mice reach sexual maturity at about 6 weeks old. After the mate, it takes less than three weeks for the gestation period to be complete. It can have up to 15 litters a year and also can become pregnant within 24 hours after giving birth. After the birth of the little one male also take care of it. When the mouse is born they are deaf and blind. Within two weeks they look just like their parents in a smaller form.
Baby mouse needs proper care within a few hours of being born to survive. If the mother is aggressive and careless or stop feeding her young ones or if eats any babies place her in a separate cage. You have to feed and take care of his selves. You can also quickly find a nursing mother from a pet store or breeder. Diarrhea and dehydration are common problems in newborn mice. Take babies to the vet to ensure they are healthy. Put the babies in warm box or cage. Pet store has many different formulae like kitten milk replacer that can be feed to baby mice. Raw goat milk is also good for them. Use a small syringe, small nursing or absorbent string for feeding. Feed them 6-8 time a day till one week. Slowly feed less to them. Use cotton balls to clean the private area after the small liquid comes out. After 4 weeks provide them with soak crumbles. Put the healthy pellets and water available once the babies are weaned.
The average lifespan of a white mouse is one to two years. If the mice are happy and healthy then he may live longer. The mouse is a social companion and your companion make them happy, the nonfattening diet should be provided to live long. Obesity can overload a mouse heart and can lead to early death. Mice are healthy animals so there are only few health issues. If you find anything wrong with the mouse then consult with the vet.
White mice are social animals and like to have company. They like to have friends with their own kind as well. All mice get along with each other except male and female. Male and female mice tend to fight. Mice like to keep themselves groom and clean. They might find unfamiliar environment stressful. Mice like to chase one another. This is the typical behavior of mice. If a mouse wags a tail in people than it is the expression of annoyance or outright aggression. To show the dominance of another mouse then groom each other. Mice usually grind their teeth when they feel relaxed.
Mice are omnivorous and they need a balanced diet that includes fresh vegetables, protein, mice food, and fresh water. This will help mice to be healthy and live longer.
Store bought food
Store bought food is especially for mice which contain grains, such as barley and millet, which are also rich in fiber. It also contains protein and you can find in any local pet store.
Fresh vegetables and fruits
White mice love to eat fresh and crunchy vegetables and fruits. Vegetables like broccoli, carrots, and celery contain a balance of vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates that are essential to keeping your pet mouse healthy. Serve a piece of apple as a treat.
Protein and carbohydrate
For protein and carbohydrate cooked people food is also good for a pet mouse. Hard-boiled eggs mixed with molasses and bits of stale bread or cooked pasta is a good meal for your mice.
Like every pet, water is also essential for your mice. Make sure the water is clean and always available to them.
Some food like chocolate, peanuts, acidic fruits, such as oranges and lemons, acidic vegetables, such as onions and garlic, and raw meat are toxic to your pet mice. This food can cause skin irritation and diarrhea. Avoid this food.
Disease and cure:
A proper care is needed to a mice to be healthy. Here is some disease your mice suffer.
This is a serious disease in mice and mice over 1 year of age have a high risk of developing tumors. Symptoms of tumors are swollen belly, a ball like a pea appears under the skin, lumps on the body, blood from genital area, loss of weight and problem in walking.
Tumors are removed through surgery but it can come back again. There is no care of tumor for the older mouse.
In some younger mice or mice with cage mate sometime a lump can be an abscess. An abscess is caused by bites from an infected one. A swollen ball in the body, a scab, fluid draining from the infected area and others are the symptoms.
This can be cured with antibiotics and fluid draining. Take your mouse for diagnosis.
Mites, fleas, ticks
This is the common problem in almost all mice. Mites, fleas, and tick cause them scratching, skin irritation, baldness and even in some cases skin infections. Bugs on the skin, scaly skin, baldness from scratching, scabby skin, and small insects on the skin are the symptoms.
Consult with your vet for the treatment. Don’t allow your mice into contact with wild mice and dirty place.
Wet tail is an intestinal disease that is caused due to stress. A bacteria in the gut cause watery diarrhea and become fatal within hours. Loss of appetite, foul smell, weakness, wet bottom, dull eyes are the symptoms of the wet tail.
Treatment for this disease is antibiotics from the vet. There is no home treatment for this disease and as soon as you know the symptoms take your pet to the vet. Clean cage and keeping stress level low to prevent this disease.
The uterine problem occurs in female older mice especially the ones that have been used for breeding or have had babies too young or old. Bleeding and smelly discharge from genital areas, swollen belly, weakness, ruffled coat are the symptoms.
Take your mouse to vet as quickly as possible. Your vet will diagnosis and treat the disease with antibiotics and more. To prevent this do not breed your mice.
House your mice in a 10-gallon aquarium or a wire cage. This is enough for up to three mice. The top should have the ventilation. If you are using wire cage then the bottom of it should be solid. The cage should be 2 feet long by 1 foot wide. Keep the habitat away from direct sunlight, cold air, and a draft. Cover the bottom of the mice habitat with several inches of aspen, pelleted papers or wooden bedding. Also keep Cardboard tubes, toys, spinner tube so your mice won’t be bored. Clean the cage once a week and wash it with warm water.
So, these are everything you need to know about White Rat. Now you can keep White Mouse as your pet and you can take care of them too. Enjoy!