All You Need To Know About German Shepherd
German Shepherds are one of the most Confident, Courageous and Smart dog breeds. This dog breed becomes very attached to the owner and could risk their life when they think that their loved ones are in any kind of threat. German Shepherd dogs are usually very reserved and don’t make friends easily. But, once they become friends with someone, they are very loyal to the person or animal. Also, German Shepherds have high intelligence so they have the ability to learn commands for many tasks. The average lifespan of a German Shepherd is 7 to 10 years. A male German Shepherd can grow from 24 to 26 inches tall can weigh 65 to 90 pounds whereas a female German Shepherd can grow from 22 to 24 inches tall and can weigh 50 to 70 pounds.
Origin and History
The German Shepherd breed was originated in German during the 1850s. The aim at the time was to make a dog breed which helped shepherds in protecting their flocks from hunters and herding sheep. However, during the time, there were many conflicts between people regarding the characteristics of the dog. Some people believed that dogs should be bred merely for working purposes while others insisted that dogs should be bred for their appearance as well.
Later in 1899, Max Von Stephanitz, who was an ex-cavalry, saw a dog named Heltor Linksrhein. Stephanitz was mesmerized by the breed because of its beauty, loyalty, and intelligence. The breed was a mix of selective generation of bred dogs. He immediately decided to buy the dog and it became the first kind in the society of German Shepherd. Later the Stephanitz named the dog Horand. Horand became the first dog who was added to the breed register of the society. Also, the name of the breed was given by Von Stephanitz himself as “Deutscher Schäferhund” which translated to German Shepherd dog as the initial purpose of the dog was to help Shepherds in German.
During the World War I, the name German Shepherd was changed to “Alsatian Wolf Dog” as it was considered that the word “German” would harm the popularity of the dog breed. Eventually, the breed was known as “Alsatian” for almost five decades. Later, in 1977, dog enthusiasts carried out a campaign against the UK Kennel club to give to the dog breed its original name which became a success. The dog breed was then registered as German Shepherd Dogs.
Dogs are very similar to human beings so different dogs need different amounts of food depending on their activity level, age, metabolism, size and build. On average, a German Shepherd must be fed 3 to 4 cups of high-quality food which must be divided into two meals. According to their activities, a highly active German Shepherd can need more food than the less active one. The amount of food also depends on the quality of it. If the food you feed your dog is high quality, 3 to 4 cups will be enough and if the food is of lower quality, more amount of food will be required.
Another way to feed your German Shepherd is by observing their body. If your dog is very thin or you can feel their bones, then you obviously need to feed them a little more. However, if you see that your dog is gaining weight and starting to have rolls, then you have to give a diet to your dog. If you don’t measure the food you are giving your German Shepherd, then the overweight can cause them health conditions such as joint problems. You can also prevent these problems by giving the German Shepherd enough physical activities, limiting their treats and feed them in time instead of just keeping the food on their plate every time.
German Shepherd Training
It is recommended that a German Shepherd gets Obedience training as they are naturally suspicious to strangers and can be aloof as well. This training should be given while they are young. In this training, they should be familiarized with different other dogs, experiences, people, and places. They should also be taught basic canine manners. This training will make your German Shepherd more social and well-behaved.
Create training is also recommended as it makes home training much easier. Naturally, dogs do not like to poop or pee in the place where they sleep. So keeping them in their crate will prevent them from peeing and pooping in your house when you are not around. Also, during this training, you should take your dog to the bathroom regularly which will eliminate their habit of peeing and pooping outside. You should also load your dog’s crate with their toys to reduce their separation anxiety and boredom.
Generally, a baby German Shepherd will cost between $300 to $900 on basis of the breeder. The price also depends on whether the German Shepherd is normal, working dog or a show dog. For an adult German Shepherd, the price rises from $6,00 to $7,000 depending on if they are work dog or show dog. You can also adopt German Shepherd from an animal shelter which will cost $100 or less. These German Shepherds are the dogs which were rescued by the animal shelter workers.
German Shepherd can give birth to a large number of puppies. The average number of puppies it can give birth at once is 8. Also, the minimum number of babies is 1 and the maximum can be up to 15 puppies. Normally, the first baby born would be a male. A baby German Shepherd should be kept in a clean worm and flea free environment until they are 3 to 15 weeks old.
Diseases and their Cure
Hip Dysplasia is the most common disease among German Shepherds. This disease is mostly caused when the dog breeders don’t give much priority to their dog’s health and breed a bunch of dogs with this disease. This disease can also be caused by a young Germans Shepherd is injured, exercised too hard or fed more than needed. Hip Dysplasia is a disease where dogs have a malformation in the joints of the hip. Unfortunately, this disease doesn’t have any cure. The only this a person can do is before bring home a German Shepherd, ask the breeder for proof that the parent doesn’t have hip Dysplasia.
Bloat is mainly caused when a German Shepherd is over-fed and doesn’t get enough physical activity. Generally, you can easily spot when your dog is bloating but if your German Shepherd has long hair then it might be hidden from the coat. Some symptom of this disease you can notice is when your German Shepherd tries to eat grass or tries to vomit but can throw up anything. If you see these symptoms, you should immediately take your dog to a vet as it can be life-threatening to them. To prevent this disease from reaching your German Shepherd, you can give them three small meals a day and give then enough physical exercise so that they can digest their food properly.
Though this disease is most common in humans, it was discovered that German Shepherds can suffer from it as well. This disease is mostly genetic and has no cure at all. However, the German Shepherd can be unaware of its disease if it is kept is given a comfortable, happy life with an attentive family. The German Shepherd with this disease should be kept out of stressful situations as much as possible.
Diabetes is also one of the most common diseases in a German Shepherd due to their large size and their tendency to eat as much as they get. The symptoms of this disease are similar to human beings which are dry mouth, excessive urinating, fatigue, excessive drinking and swelling in their feet. This disease can also be genetic or can be caused because of the environment. If the German Shepherd is given the right exercise and diet, then it can be controlled.
German Shepherd is more prone to allergies than any other dog breeds. The German Shepherd can be allergic to various environmental things such as grass or specific kind of pollen. The allergy can also be food based such as chicken, gluten, corn or even rice. These allergies can easily be prevented but if you notice that your dog is having red skin or is itching often then you must take them to a vet for right medication.