Pug is a small but very charming, mischievous and loving dog which were once the companions of Chinese kings. A Pug can grow from 10 inches to 13 inches tall and can weigh from 14 to 18 pounds. It is said that Pugs are the perfect fit for a house as they can get along with anyone whether they are kids, older people or even other animals. Also, Pugs have a very good sense of humor and can make anyone laugh by their silly actions. Pugs also have the cutest large round eyes with deep and distinct wrinkles all over their face. Pugs can come in three colors which are all black, silver or an apricot-fawn with a black face mask. The average lifetime a pug can live is 12 to 15 years.
Origin and History
The Pug Dog breed was originated in Chine back in 206 B.C. to 200 A.D during the Han dynasty. This dog breed was mostly raised by Chinese kings and had a luxurious life. It is said that pugs were also guarded by soldiers in order of the King. Many people in China also believe that the renowned “Foo Dogs” is the symbol of the ancient Pug breeds.
It is said that in the early 1600s, Chinese started trading their dog breed to the European countries and the first Pug to be brought in Europe was named as the Mopshond breed. This name is still used for Pug in some places. The Pug breed then instantly became the first choice for royal households in Europe as well. The popularity of Pugs was growing to other countries as well. Aa the popularity increased in various countries, their names also varied in different places such as Carlin in France, Mops in German, Dogullo in Spain and Caganlino in Italy.
In the 1800s, Pugs were officially standardized as a dog breed. In 1861, Pugs were brought to England initially 66 in numbers. The popularity of Pug was so much increased that artists started portraying them in paintings, figurines and even postcards. Pugs were brought in the USA only after the Civil War and were registered in the American Kennel Club in 1885.
The Pug breed loves to eat so you can feed them either high-quality food or home-made as well. If you are planning on feeding you Pug home-made food, then you should first consult your dog’s vet and ask what kind of food they can eat and check whether they have any kind of food allergies. Generally, 1 or half cup of high-quality food is recommended for the pug. The amount of food also depends on your Pug’s age, size, weight, metabolism, and activity level. However, you must monitor how much your pug eats as they will eat as much as you give and can be in the risk of obesity. So you should feed you Pug in appropriate portions and also limit their treats. You can also feed you Pug more than recommended amount if you can feel their bone when you touch them.
For training, the crate training is recommended for a pug as they can be very stubborn at times. If you don’t know what a crate training is then it is basically when you train your dog using a suitable crate for him/her. This kind of training makes house training much easier and simpler. In many cases, people say that Pugs are very hard to house train. To solve this kind of problem, you first have to train your Pug to focus. This training is very simple to do. In this, you just have to touch your Pug’s nose and say a word you want to use to make them focus such as “watch”, “look”, or even “focus”. Then you have to slowly bring your finger to your own nose. When the pug sees your face when you bring your finger to your nose then you should immediately praise them or give them treats. This way, your pug will learn how to focus on a particular thing and will make training easier.
Another kind of training recommended for Pugs is the obedience training where you can teach your Pug to sit, stay, jump and other commands. Just don’t forget to praise them and give them their favorite treat when they complete a task. Other trainings such as Potty training, separation anxiety, and warning training are also recommended for Pugs.
Talking about price, Pugs are one of the expensive dog breeds you can find. The price for a pug depends on various factors. The first factor is the location. In various countries, the price of a pug varies. For example, in the UK a Pug’s price is from 600 to 1500 pounds, in the USA the price for a pug is around $700 to $1500, in Canada the price is from $600 to $2400 Canadian dollars, in Australia the price for the Pug is around $1400 and in India the price is between Rs.6000 to Rs.10,000.
Another factor for the price variation of a Pug is the quality of a breeder. It is obvious that a good breeder will ask for more money as their Pugs will be perfect and without any problems whereas low breeder can have bad quality pugs and will ask for much lesser price. The price will also depend on how healthy the Pug is.
The price of the Pugs will also vary according to the situation. When there is a high demand for pugs then the price also becomes higher whereas when there is low demand for Pug, the price decreases as well. The most popular time to get a Pug is during late spring as during this time many people are on vacation. Also in this time, the price for the Pug rises very high. Also, if you buy an adult Pug then it would probably be cheaper than buying a baby Pug.
The average number of puppies a Pug can give birth at once is 4 to 6. The maximum number of puppies they can give birth to is 9 whereas the minimum is 1. However, these numbers are also considered to be normal for a Pug. A Pug can be pregnant for 60 to 65 days but if they don’t give birth until 67th day then you should take your Pug to a vet for a checkup. Also, when your Pug is pregnant, you should feed them more than usual. Generally, a pregnant pug can eat 25 to 50 times more than usual.
Diseases and Their Cure
Pug Dog Encephalitis
The Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is a very dangerous disease which can affect only pugs. Sadly, there is no cure till now for the disease and doctors are not able to find out what causes the diseases. When a Pug gets this disease, their brain gets injured as their tissues around the brain starts swelling up. However, you should consult your dog’s vet as soon as you see the symptoms of this disease which are pressing their head against things, blindness, seizures and walking in circles.
Pugs are very prone to getting a heat stroke. So you should be careful when your Pug in a warm place or is exercising. Pugs cannot tolerate very warm weather and can be dangerous to them. Symptoms of them having a heat stroke are breathing heavily and vomiting. If you see your pug doing these things then you should immediately take them to a cooler place, bathe them with cold water or wrap them in a cold wet towel. You should take them to the vet if their temperature reaches over 105 degrees.
The Brachycephalic Syndrome is a disease caused due to the compressed face of a Pug. Though Pugs look very cute with their faces, it can be a problem for them. Because of their compressed face, their bones are shortened as well but the soft tissues can become extra. Because of this, Pug’s can have a hard time in breathing. The symptoms of this disease are heavy breathing, wheezing, snorting, snoring and sometimes fainting as well.